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Items filtered by date: Monday, 08 October 2018 - Imphal Times - A Daily Eveninger

63th Wild Life Week Celebration Concludes Governor calls for ban on hunting for Commercial Purposes

DIPR
Imphal, Oct 8,

 Governor Najma Heptulla has suggested the State Government to curb commercial killings of wild animals with the enforcement of effective measures. She was speaking at the closing function of the 63rd Wildlife Week celebration organised by the State Forest and Environment Department at the auditorium of Manipur State Film Development Society, Palace Compound in Imphal East District today.
Informing that there are two kinds of hunting namely, subsistence hunting and commercial hunting, the Governor opined that commercial hunting should be completely banned to protect wildlife and maintain ecological balance.
Heptulla said that Manipur is one out of the 34 biodiversity hotspots across the globe. India has four biodiversity hotspots and out of these four, Manipur falls under two hotspots i.e. the Himalayan and the Indo-Myanmar biodiversity hotspots, she added.
The Governor mentioned that Manipur’s biodiversity includes about 4,000 angiosperms, 1200 medicinal plants, 34 species of edible fungi, about 500 orchids, 55 species of bamboo, 695 birds, 160 fish species, 21 migratory aquatic birds and multitude of butterflies and insects. It is the responsibility of the people and the Government to protect it, she observed.

The Governor said that there is a vast area of wetland in Bishnupur district, where a large number of migratory water birds visits, mostly from China, Mongolia and Siberia during the period from October to February every year. However, the number of these migratory birds is declining every year due to certain reasons. One reason could be the high water level being maintained due to the construction of Ithai Barrage, which has led to lack of food for migratory birds, she added.
Heptulla said that she has been supporting the cause for dismantling the Barrage for free flow of water to maintain the original eco-system and save Loktak Lake. She said that she had been told that around 16 species of indigenous fish had become extinct due to blocking of water by the barrage.
Speaking on the rare Sangai, the Governor said that the brow-antlered deer was declared extinct in 1951 and then it was re-discovered at Keibul Lamjao in 1953. Due to continued efforts of the State Forest Department, the population of Sangai today had reached around 260 now, she added.
Speaking as the functional president, Chief Minister Shri N. Biren Singh said that he is happy that people in hill districts have also started realizing the need for wildlife and environment protection. Stating that uptil some time back, migratory bird Amur Falcon had stopped coming to Manipur’s Tamenglong district, the Chief Minister informed that a large number of Amur Falcons had started visiting the district again due to the dedicated efforts of some organisations and villagers.
 
Trees are very important in the survival of human beings, as such, there is need to plant more and more trees, he added. The Government can only formulate policies but proper and effective execution of these policies requires people’s support and co-operation, the Chief Minister observed.
Regarding the inconvenience currently faced by farmers due to scanty rainfall, the Chief Minister said that a high power State level committee had been constituted to look into the problem. He informed that the Minor Irrigation Department had started taking up steps to irrigate water to dry paddy fields in 51 identified places of different districts. For this purpose, Public Health Engineering Department (PHED) would provide required water pipes to the Minor Irrigation Department, he said while adding that water pump sets would be provided at the places inspected and identified by a team of officials.

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CRPF organises medical camp for specially abled and aged people

IT News
Imphal, Oct 8,

109 BN CRPF today conducted medical camp at Mao, Dist Senapati under the aegis of IGP M&N Sector CRPF. During the medical camp CRPF paid special attention on the specially abled persons and elderly persons of the society and were given mobility aid under its social responsibilities. Chief SP. Khrasi  (Retd IRS), President of the Mao Town Council praised the work of CRPF for taking care of disabled person of the society. The Medical camp was attended by the Brig (Retd) Sh. S.K.Sharrna DIGP CRPF, Mr. Lokho Ozho, Speaker Mao Council, Father Sebastian, Principal, Don Bosco College Maram, Sh. Vinod Kumar Commandant 109 BN, Sh. Alok Ranjan Dy commandant and many dignitaries. In all 300 villagers attended the medical camp event and praised the CRPF for humble care of specially abled person of the society. Brigadier Sharma Concluded by saying our neighbour is the one who helps those who are in need. CRPF has been always at the help of the needy and marginalised.
Sh.Vinod Kumar, Commandant in his speech said that it is need of time and our duties to take care of- especially abled and elderly persons and they are full of experiences which inspire the CRPF to keep moving without caring hurdles of life. He also said in coming months more such activities will be organized by 109 BN CRPF and invited youths to join football tournament which will be organized in the month of December 2018 in Senapati district.

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Proscribed group PREPAK greets the people on occasion of its 41st Anniversary which falls on October 9

IT News

Imphal, Oct 8,

 

Acting Chairman of the People Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK) , Kh. Sathy today greets the people of the region on occasion of the  41st  Anniversary  of the party.

A statement of the Acting Chairman of the proscribed group while offering  revolutionary salute to the people of the hills and plains, term the people to have been bearing the brunt of living as colonized people for the past 69 years under the colonial rule of the common enemy of the present-day generations—India.

It said that India had forcibly annexed the land to the Indian dominion hardly when the people could heave a sigh of relief after regaining independence from the British, who spread its colonial empire throughout the world.

The statement further stated, “Kangleipak, which was once an Asiatic Sovereign State having its own history of more than 2000 years, today has become unable to protect its own traditional identity and territorial boundary ever since Dominion India forcibly annexed the land on October 15 of 1949 in contravention of all international norms, has become unable to stand on its own without having to depend on the Indian economy and has become a state affected in all spheres. The nastiest policy adopted by India to make the people of the state unable to rise ever again is to try to create divisions among the peopleso that they will never be able to build united strength and to deprive the people of their right to live which is an indispensable right of the human beings. India isusing the AFSPA-1958, the new version of the AFSPO which the British had used to suppress the people of India, and meting out all kinds of brutal torture and killings unabated till today.

“The manner in which India had forced the erstwhile King Bodhachandra, who had no authority and power then, was intimidated and forced to sign the so-called merger Agreement and forcibly annexed Kangleipak had been considered illegal not only in the eyes of International Law but also had not been approved by the then Assembly and State Council formed by the elected representativesof the people nora referendum of the Kanglei people was held for approving it. Moreover, the 4th sitting of the 3rd Session of the first Manipur Legislative Assembly of an independent country held at 2.30 pm of September 28 of 1949 at the Johnstone High School had rejected the so-called Merger Agreement of September 21 stating that King Bodhachandra was made to sign it under duress. Many other people’s conventions held in the later days had also denounced the so-called Merger Agreement as having no legality and constitutional validity.

 “Thus challenging such erroneous act of India, a National Revolution Movement had been launched by the people of Kangleipak since the very year India had occupied Kangleipak in 1949 to drive out the Indian Occupation Force from the region and to restore independence and still continuing.National Liberation Movement is a political expression of the Right to Self Determination. The first one is a political process of the people. The later one indicates whether it is legitimate or not in the international community. Conforming to certain agreed principles, it is mutual coexistence under the umbrella of the world family. The most important right among all human rights is the Right to Self Determination. Not only laid down in the UN Charter, considering the Right to Self Determination as the paramount right, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights(ICCPR), 1996 and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), 1996provide in the first articles that “All peoples have the right to self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.” India had ratified the ICCPR, 1966 on April 10, 1979 and implemented it on July 10, 1979. The 3rd Article of the Draft United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People’s also clearly points out in the same manner as that of the above two Covenants about the Right to Self Determination of the indigenous people. However, India has been ignoring and disregarding the Right to Self Determination of Kangleipak.

“The Resolution No. 1514 (XV) adopted by the UN General Assemblyon December 14, 1960, “Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples” was a very important resolution meant for doing away with the system of colonial rule in the world. According to this resolution, every human being will have his political status, i.e., the Right to Self to Determination. No act of torture or military operation should be carried out against any human being. Besides,independence of a country and its indigenous people and their territorial integrity cannot be disturbed or splintered. No one can ever break the territorial integrityof Kangleipak that existed in 1947. The Right to Self Determination of the people of Kangleipak still remains intact. No community or country should ever use the right to break the territorial boundary of Kangleipak that had been drawn by Henry Yule way back in 1500 AD. 

For the UN General Assembly, the Right to Self Determination and the National Liberation Movement of a people has been kept as a legitimate regulation. If a colonial, racist or foreign rule does not provide the reasonable Right to Self Determination of a people, it remains condemned as an act of terrorist. Astonishingly, India still pretends as if it doesn’t know this. According to the Resolution No. 2625 of the UN General Assembly, states cannot act in a forcible manner that may affect the freedom of a state and cannot use any kind of force. The resolutions of General Assembly 2189, December 13, 1966 and General Assembly 2326, December 11, 1967 prohibit use of any kind of force by a state against a people who are demanding their Right to Self Determination. As per the Declaration of the UN General Assembly of 1970, a people who are fighting for their Right to Self Determination may use any means of force at their command. Instead of granting the Right to Self Determination, if the state uses force to suppress or break the movement, it will be considered as an international crime amounting to committing genocide. Despite all these, the main cause of weakness in intensely advancing the movement ofrestoring independence of Kangleipak and in achieving the Right to Self Determination is the failure to bring all the revolutionary parties of both hills and valley together on the same platform to make the movement an international issue.    

“In the history of all revolutionary movements in any country, there had been incidents of different revolutionary groups emerging and factions cropping up in the same organization. However all such events had been brought together and settled in time. Eminent political scientists of the world have maintained that there are different classes of people—educated class, fairly educated and middle class and proletariat class who are facing a lot of hardship, etc. In the midst of all these classes, the leaders of revolutionary organizations and CSOs need to stand and build up ideology for protection of the communities and the land together with all classes of people. In such case, experts will be accompanied with; moderates will have to be allied with and farmers and workers will have to be associated with.  However, we have been experiencing opposition from the privileged, high and middle class people to all kinds of movement. Yet those people who are underprivileged and far from getting any kind of benefits but high in thoughts and attitudes, who naturally understand the rights and wrongs and good and evils of the society will extend cooperation. The leadership needs to be the conciliating point for this.So it is natural that there should be a single united strength.Now it shouldn’t be that difficult to unite because all revolutionary organizations know pretty well that our goal is the one and same. The experience of Palestine Liberation Organization(PLO) may be mentioned as one that is more compatible with that of Kangleipak.

“The General Assembly of United Nations recognized the movement of the PLO since 1974 as a right movement for Self Determination. All that the PLO had faced and is facing are comparable with the happenings in Kangleipak. If everyone in Kangleipak studies the merits and demerits of Palestine and brings a semblance of their experience to our state, it will be quite beneficial. Just like the forcible so-called Merger Agreement of India of September 21 of 1949, following the Balfour Declaration organized by the British in 1917, Palestine was dissolved and Israel was created which caused the emergence of the liberation movement of Palestine. As part of the major objective of the Palestine Resistance Movement (PRM), several organizations and factions of Palestine launched resistance movements. As a result of the movements, certain major changes had taken place in 1994. Though the PRM had lit the fire of liberation movement of the Palestine Arab people whose state had been snatched away, the uniting platform of all the movements was provided by the Palestine National Council(PNC). Within the united assembly, the popular Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), as the only representative organization, led the movement and succeeded.

“On January 1 of 1965, the PLO launched a successful military operation against Israelthat made the key objective of the Palestine people’s liberation movement known to the world. Thus the PRM as the torchbearer of all that connected with theliberation movement led the people to the right direction of success. Thus while the broad vision of the revolution of our Kanglei people and the singularobjective of the revolutionaries needs to be viewed together, brave patriots and vanguardsshould have the commitment to understand and analyze the elements of our lost sovereignty and sit together to discuss how to go together as one. This compelling need lies in front of all people of the hills and valley.Not a single factor can be found why all the armed revolutionary organizations of the WESEA region couldn’t come together and unite as one since every organization belongs to the group of peoples who are not that different from each other in looks, life style and settled together in the same region. Thus it is fervently hoped and believed that we all shall one day unite and launch a more intense offensive against the GoI.

“The GoI is nurturing a dream that once a settlement is arrived at between the GoI and the NSCN (IM), the rest of the armed insurgent groups of the NE could be suppressed and that the NSCN (IM) is dreaming that it would build a Naga unity. Both would be right to realize  that these are impossible and impractical theories. Assuming that the NSCN (IM) has no further major contradiction, it is still hard to find  groundsto believe that there won’t be any inter-tribal contradictions again.Even if there is no major contradiction, Naga may face a wave of factional crisis creating a frighteningly uncontrollable situation in Nagaland wherein the Tangkhuls originating from Kangleipak could be seen as the colonizers and within Nagaland itself, in the midst of war of supremacy among Angami, Aao, Sema, etc smaller tribes such as Chakhesang and Konyak may look at the four others as international colonizers which may create a more horrifying situation than the tribal wars happening in Africa. In fact when they are about to reach the goal, many small tribes may disappear from the surface of the earth forever.The NSCN (IM) and the colonial master India should never try to rupture the boundary of Kangleipak that existed in 1947, to keep away from the hill-valley people’s governance and to disintegrate the emotional bond of the people.

“It would be wrong to believe that India will bring development to the Nagas while keeping the Nagas as dependent people. All the steps to be taken up on the pretext of Nagas’ interest but in reality in GoI’s interest, would be to break the bond of brotherhood between the hills and valley people that has remained since time immemorial. Only when we are free and can stand on our own, would we be able to live in peace, progress and with love. The fact that Naga, Kuki, Meitei and Meitei Pangal can live together and protect Kangleipak togetheris proven by the geographical condition, language, indigenous tales based on bond of brotherhood of the people of hills and valley, traditions, customs, costumes, food habits and many other similar characteristics. We are all inseparable from each other. No group engaged in liberation movement in Kangleipak has any ideology based on blood, clan or tribe, but based on the united territory of Kangeipak. This view is the same idea that inspired the National Liberation Movement of 1949 in which people of all communities of hills and valley took part. Now also it would be right on part of all Kanglei people to lead the movement based on the tradition of the people of Kangleipak bearing the responsibility together during the course of history.  While it is time for the State Government to think deeply, it acts as per orders of the Centre and remains nonchalant even though the state is sold off.Since the rulers have remained occupied with the thought of saving their own seats, today all kinds of artificial problems have created a chaotic situation in Kangleipak. This indicates the right characteristic of a puppet government.

“ As for PREPAK, right since the conception of the party, we have been keeping faith in a united liberation movement. Thus since the early stage, the Party has not only been working together with other revolutionary organizations of Kangleipak but also been trying relentlessly to keepgood relationship with otherfraternal revolutionary organizations of the neighbouring WESEA region so that a united liberation movement could be carried through. Keeping in mind the principles of a united National Liberation Movement to translate the objective of achieving Independent Kangleipak into reality, first Kangleipak Communist party (KCP), People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK) and Revolutionary People’s Front (RPF) joined hands and formed the Revolutionary Joint Committee (RJC). Then PREPAK, RPF and UNLF joined hands to form Manipur People’s Liberation Front (MPLF). Then KCP, KYKL, PREPAK, PREPAK (Pro), RPF, UNLF and UPPK got together and formed the Co-ordination Committee (CORCOM). Even now the Party firmly believes in “unity is strength” and that only a united National Liberation Movement will be able to restore our independence. On the other hand, even though an armed group of the hills that earlier demanded independence has gone into peace talks with the colonial master India without knowing where its goal would be, a large number of people of the hills have no trust in that talks and still stand firmly for an independent Kangleipak. Launching of a liberation movement against India by the hill brethren is a big step ahead toward restoring independence of Kangleipak. Thus  considering the new emerging direction in the National Liberation Movement, PREPAK humbly appeals to all fellow revolutionary organizations to stand together on a united platform and jointly defeat India to have Kangleipak’s lost independence and sovereignty restored”, the statement said. 

   The proscribed group also offered revolutionary salute to all brave martyrs who had sacrificed their lives for our motherland during the course of the liberation movement and those who are languishing in the jail as the enemy’s prisoners of war, and conveys warm greetings to all hill and valley brethren, and wishing for a happy, peaceful and progressive society free of all ills and sufferings. 

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India started the present Indo-Manipur War – PREPAK (Pro)

IT News
Imphal, Oct 8,

Chairman of proscribed group   PREPAK (Progressive),  L.Paliba M in a press statement while greeting the people of the region on occasion of the 42nd Raising Day of Red Army of PREPAK(Pro) which falls on October 9, blamed the government of India for starting the present Indo – Manipur War.
A statement of the proscribed group said, “Even before adopting the Constitution of India, the Government of India enacted AFSPA, 1948, which was more dangerous than the British’s Ordinances and it had been imposed in the State of Punjab to contain communal riots. Though the Act was meant for one year or so, it was repealed as late as in 1957. Later, it became an infamous living Avatar as AFSPA 1958, a synonym for extra-judiciary killing.
It further added , “When the Supreme Court has decided to deliver its verdict on 1528 fake encounter cases , unfortunately and surprisingly a handful of army personnel filed a petition to the Supreme Court praying that whatsoever happened are all under the purview of AFSPA, 1958 and so whosoever involved are immune from lawsuits.
“Such a dreadful claim has expressed explicitly that the armies have license to kill innocent people. It also seems that the rule of law is totally meaningless, and its objective is to murder the democratic right of people.
Exploitation, oppression, and social stratification are the necessary social norms according to the ancient Indian writings. Gandhi, the Father of the Nation and the apostle of Non Violence movement, had once demanded from the then Viceroy Lord Irwin to allow Indians to possess guns for their defence and self-protection.
Indian National Congress (INC) in its Karachi Session in 1931 had adopted a resolution on the right to possess and bear arms. Based on such resolution, there was hectic debate on gun-right in the Constituent Assembly to specifically incorporate this particular subject in the Directive Principle of Indian Constitution.
“These debates show that the Non Violence means will be useless because security forces are not trustful to protect law; so people must protect themselves. The nomenclature ‘Indian nation’ is an artificially created one. There had been great leaders who felt uncertain and unsure about the future of India and this uncertainty has become a reality now.
 The Unity and Integrity of India is a failed policy. The projection of Hindu unity is based on embittering Hindu against the Muslims and Christians. To achieve emotional Integrity in India, the Government and its advisers have heightened tension with two neighbors viz., China and Pakistan. The principle of socioeconomic policy doesn’t embrace Indian Unity and integrity.
“The so-called Indian War of Independence (Sepoy Mutiny 1857) and Anglo-
Manipur War 1891, were two separate things. There are were several causes of Sepoy Mutiny but the immediate causes were due to spreading false rumor that were offensive to Hindu and Muslim religion. The Anglo-Manipur War was the outcome of unwillingness of Manipuri People to be colonized by British and hence fought against British colonialists. Indian leaders must know the different nature and causes of these two wars. The objective of First Nupilan (1904) was the fierce agitation of Manipuri Women against the British Policy of ‘forced labor’ imposed on Manipuri male population.
“The First Nupilan occurred two years before Gandhi’s first Non Violence
Movement in South Africa, on 11 September 1906. Gandhi’s agitation was participated by about 1,100 Chinese people. The Second Nupilan (1939) was started against the free and uncontrolled trade of capitalists which imposed heavy burden on the livelihood of the poor. It can be labeled as Anti-Globalization protest.
“Putting an end to people’s representative government of Manipur in 1948, delaying of 22 years in getting Statehood and the current impasse of MU deadlock explicitly show the disregard and appalling ignorance of New Delhi towards Manipuri. People felt the pulse of using excessive forces by the State Government under the advice and mindset of a non-indigenous person to suppress current issues and voices of the common people. Such nefarious schemes are not new, but an old Chessboard Game of India. The Manipur Constitution Act 1947 was drafted by 17 Members of Constitution Making Committee including both hills and plain representatives and which was adopted by the then interim government of Manipur. By introducing democratic election in Manipur, people elected their true choices. People’s representatives, and a responsible government was installed after the First Manipur Assembly sitting was held on 18 October, 1948. But the distressing factor was that instead of respecting the elected government, India forcibly merged Manipur, and this wrongful act compelled us to arm ourselves and fight against the Indian colonialism. During the reign of reactionary advisory council of Part C State status, some elites, who blindly expected Indian blessing, felt the betrayal and ploys of Indian leaders. The high-handedness of Indian leaders with their outlook towards Manipur aroused the then political leaders to agitate and demand for restoring “the 1948 People’s Government” in the years 1950s and 1960s.
“People did not protest about the neglected development, but it was rather a collective response against lower status of Manipur and abolishment of people’s government. Viewing the arrogant and unresponsive attitudes of Delhi, people started openly demanding the Self-Determination. Manipur National Union declared that Manipur should be a ‘Buffer State’ in 1953. Some Hill MLAs, in their meeting on 27th July 1949, had urged Manipur should not be part of India, rather it should be Crown State like Hong Kong under British for a certain periods or if inevitable it must have terms and conditions before joining Indian Union. Such expressions, protests, and demands truly exhibited that majority people did not trust India, and had apprehension that India will swallow it; so Manipur must have its own stand. Such oppressive Indian administration reflected and penetrated to the mindsets of farsighted revolutionary leaders who are still fighting against colonial India.
“Many rivers, which originated in Kangleipak, and flow to different destinations have benefited our neighboring countries or states in terms of their developmental sectors like irrigation, agriculture, transportation, generation of hydro power, and water supply. There is no need for fear among ourselves for scarcity of power and water supply in Kangleipak because our main rivers do not originate from neighboring states and country. Nowadays rivers are used as political instruments in many states of India and in many countries while sharing their water resources. But our political leaders are ignoring this reality and they must understand the natural and topographical advantages. Any plant will grow in our soils and also get fruits. Despite of our rich natural resources such as mountains, lakes, rivers, mineral resources, forest products; we cannot explore extra benefits and advantages. This is due to the fact that Kangleipak is under the colonial rule of India and colonial hangover of British rule. Our own language, scripts, Games and sports, old and new written constitutions, Royal Chronicles, International Treaties, Arts and Cultures are all at this stage after a long evolution.
“What more elements do we need as an Independent Nation? Why should not we feel the pride from such uniqueness?
“Political leaders should leave the habit of begging funds from Delhi. This is shameful. Instead of begging, they should try to mobilize own resources for this land. How long Manipur will depend on Delhi for funds? Such shameful things never happened in Manipur before 1949. The present dependency syndrome is the outcome of our lost economic and political rights. Peaceful coexistence of Kangleipak is always disturbed by New Delhi because they never stop passing the ball to Kangleicha by invoking communal based political and boundary issues.
Therefore, time has come now for the politicians to become awake and conscious about the current political status of Kangleipak and they should also realize the facts by asking themselves what should be the right status of Manipur which is more appropriate with our 2000 years old history. Politicians should also see the reality that we have been fighting against the Indian colonialism to reclaim our lost political and economic rights. Long lasting peace, harmony, public confidence and welfare will return on Kangleipak and this is possible only when our inherent political and economic status is restored. Knowing the geopolitical situation of this land, we must fully prepare ourselves to face any unpleasant fallout of the ACT EAST POLICY and Globalization. It is demoralizing to witness that when leaders from Delhi call “Come with slightly bending your head”, these puppet politicians would never give up the habit of getting down on their knees and crawl instead of slightly bending. These are the attitudes of present-day political leaders.
People should not trust these disgraceful politicians. Trusting them is akin to make Delhi a shark and to swallow us conveniently. Finally, I would like to appeal that our revolutionary struggle is a conflict being occurred in our land, not within India and it is also a true conflict between a “once an independent
nation, Kangleipak” and “an independent India”. This is a war based on political
and ideological doctrines. Therefore, this is not a law and order issue. We never start a war but we are facing a war being waged by India.

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To be a good man

The one simple thing that could make much of almost everything much easier and smoother, yet seemingly impossible to accomplish is the act of becoming a good person.
It would indeed take a much greater strength of character to own up our mistakes and short comings, and still greater willpower to refrain from deliberately committing acts we consciously know is wrong and false. The few fortunate ones who have the grit and will to transcend these urges are acknowledged and respected.
On the other hand, a new breed of “Go-Getters” who would not stop at anything to achieve their goal is on the rise the pressures of present day society helping in developing and pruning such mindset to perfection. They are the restless, hyperactive and aggressive ones who do not cater to emotions and aesthetics. Modern parents and guardians are increasingly urging their wards to adopt the letter approach towards life in order to carve out a place in the society that invariably results in a level of respect-respect that again is dependent on the earning capacity, the social circle adopted and living status maintained. Increasing compulsions for security in terms of food, shelter and a step towards a more secure future could be the factors that prompted the collective thinking towards adopting such an attitude towards life.
But then, does that mean the adage “All is fair and love and war” will be made true? Is our life becoming a daily struggle, a battle-if not a war, we are destined to wage every single living day of our lives? Where does that leave us with any room or opportunity for improvement not the financial kind, but a more rounded and holistic, as a person? The present developments in the society-particularly that of mindless atrocities and lack of considerations that is becoming rampant would be a spill-off of this new approach towards life. The struggle for security-for the basic necessities of life has become the all-consuming tryst for wealth which invariably leads to the thirst for power and influence. Greed takes over everything else, making our lives worse off than when we started. What then could be the panacea for these aberrations that has come to plague our lives of late? The answer lays within us common knowledge which just needs to be acknowledged, and more importantly to act on. Putting up a façade of make-believe and a show of benevolence and righteousness will not absolve anyone of the crimes and wrongs.
This is of utmost importance for everyone, and more so for those who are donning the role of public representatives who we are following. Concepts like beauty, peace and harmony can only be experienced if we can rise above our petty urges and look at life-that of ourselves and the ones around us in a different and totally new perspective one that does not have anything to do with wealth, power or fame.
“The earth has enough to satisfy man’s needs but not man’s greed”. Mohandaskaramchand Gandhi.

Social Dynamism of Hinduism in Pre Pamheiba’s Period

Dr M. Kaoba Singh
It is a fact that Manipur has got geographical nearness to Burma and South China. The earliest reference to Assam-Burma route is found in the accounts of Chang Kieu, on the basis of which Pelliot has shown that from 200 BC onwards there as a regular route of land to China through Assam, Upper Burma and Yunnan. Pelliot has described two routes from Burma through Manipur.1 It is evident that Indian cultural colonisation touched almost in many countries of the South-East Asia particularly in Burma, Laos, Cambodia, Cochin, China, Annam, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Bali and East Indies.2 Since Manipur located as a neighbouring country of the Southeast Asian countries, there is a question of the existence of Hindu influence in Manipur in the early period. In this regard, Saroj Nalini Parratt observes that a different approach to the question of early Hindu influence may be made through the contact, which the early Manipuries had with the neighbouring Hindu peoples. She accounted in her book, Religion of Manipur, with certain amount of reservation of the authenticity of a text called “Chingurembi Khonglup” which claims Hindu influence as early as the second half of the I7th century.3 According to this text the Meitei King Naothingkhong (663-763) married western princes called Chingurembi. The text goes on to list certain persons who are said to be her attendants. They are: Lakhi Naral, Ram Naral, Lokhon Das, ‘Tulasi Ram, Tulasi Ram’4, Han (goldsmith), Han Naral (a groom), Tapa, Akhul Tao and Kathou on the basis of this text. Jhalajit Singh also considers that cultural contact was established with Manipur and Western side of India as early as the 7th century AD.5 However, the date and accuracy of the Chingurembi Khonglup is yet to be established and it is very doubtful, in the absence of confirmatory evidence (particularly the royal chronicles and other archaic sources), that the claim to such Hindu influence can be accepted.
Another account, which claims to be a documentary evidence to prove that Hinduism existed in Manipur long back in the 7th century, is the “Phayeng Copper Plates”. The plates were collected by W.Yumjao Singh, an enthusiastic archaeologist. He translated these plates from archaic Manipur and published in 1935 under the title, “Report on Archaeological Studies in Manipur Bulletin No.1.  The plates relate to the reign of King Khongtekcha I763-74A.D.] Yumjao recorded the contents of the plates in full in which there are ample of evidences regarding the worshipping of Siva and Durga in that period. However internal incidence from the Phayeng plates themselves makes a controversy of its authenticity. After examining the character and language written in plates, Saroj Nalini Parratt and Prof Gangumei Kabui suggest that the plates are not more than a century old from the year of publication. W.Yumjao himself also gave its composition, as around 1830 AD.1 Unfortunately, the plates are not available at present, if so, it can be examined through scientific means.
The dawn of the 15th century constituted a significant landmark in the history of Brahmin migration in Manipur. The famous King Kyamba (1467-1508AD) initiated to implant the first influence of Hinduism in Manipur. According to the Bamon Khunthok, which seems to give probably or fairly accurate record of Brahmin migration, maintains that during the period of Kyamba many Brahmins from different parts of India, Gujarat, Kanpur, Nandagrame (Uttar Pradesh), Mathura, Shrihatta, etc. entered to Manipur in successive waves, settled in different parts of Manipur, received royal patronage and married local women whose off springs became the progenitors of many Brahmin families of Manipur to-day. Besides, the Brahmins, Kshetrimayums also began to pour into Manipur. All of them absorbed into and became an integral part of the Manipuri society.2 For the first time in the history of Manipur, a Hindu god, Visnu began to be worshipped when the King of Pong gave the image of Visnu to Kyamba at the time of concluding a friendly treaty after the conquest of Kyang in 1470 AD. The image of Visnu was installed in a brick temple at Lamangdong and started to worship by requisitioning the service of Bhanu Narayana who took shelter in a Manipuri house in Lairik Yengbam Leikai. Since then Lamangdong came to be known as Visnupur and the descendants of Bhanu Narayana as Phurailatpam. Kymaba’s brick Visnu temple is in the state of ruin, but still remains as a protected monument. The cult of Visnu made a strong appeal to the Kings of Manipur from the time of Kyamba. The image is seen riding Garuda and holding a conch, a chakra, a mace and a lotus in four hands.3After Kyamba, Khagemba (1597-1652) also contributed to the progress of’ Vaishnavism. He accompanied the image of Visnu on the back of a white horse on an elephant when the king goes from place to place.4 Though the Kings of Manipur inclined towards the worshipping of Visnu, there was no popular following to this cult. In this regard, Saroj Nalini Parratt boldly stated that before Charairongha there was no clear evidence of Hinduising influence. The Royal chronicle, Cheitharol Kumbaba also does not give us specific mention of Hindu deities during the time of Kyamba and Khagemba. She admitted that the turning point in the religious history of Manipur awaited the reigns of Charairongba and more specially of his son Garibniwaj.5
King Charairongba was the first Manipuri King to be formally initiated into Vaisnavism through a pious Brahman named Krisnacharya alias Rai Vanamali who came from Sweeta-ganga puri with some of his companions in ‘Mera’1 of the year 1703. The Cheitharol Kumpaba records the initiation ceremony as: In the year 1626 Sak (1704AD). The month of ‘Sajiphu’2  began on a Saturday. On the 5th day, Wednesday, King Charairongba and those who were to take the sacred thread fasted on that very same day. They took sacred thread on the same day.3 Vanamalis descendants were called Guru-Aribam Charairongba presented a village, a hill and 100 acres of rice field to the Guru as Dakshina. He also constructed a brick temple of Krishna at Brahmapur-Guru Aribam Leikai. It remains intact.4 Although the King himself formally took the sacred thread, he did not attempt to establish Hinduism as the state religion, nor did he neglect the worship of traditional deities. Thus, Hinduism concentrated only to the royal families and the nobles.
Following the footsteps of his father, Garibniwaj adopted Vaisnavism through a preacher of the cult called Gopaldas in Mera in the year 1717AD. The form of Vaisnavism he adopted was Chaitanya’s school of Vaisnavism in which the worship of’ Lord Krishna was the main theme.5 While the king was following this cult with much enthusiasm and interest, a slightly different form of Hinduism was slowly making its headway through a great missionary. Santidas who arrived in Manipur on Sunday, the 3rd day of Sajiphu in the year 1716 AD along with two of his disciples, Bhagavandas and Narayandas. He was a resident of Nara Singh Jilla in the Sylhet district. He came through the Ngaprum Changjel road (Tongjei Maril) and entered into the valley of Manipur. When he arrived at the capital, he halted the night at the royal guard hall. Having got the information of his arrival, the king cordially received him. Being satisfied with the behavior of the king, the Gossai started slowly to insist the king to adopt Ramandi as the kings of Manipur were the descendants of the great Pandava hero, Arjun through Babrubahan, the Rama cult fitted well from other faiths. The king at first refused to adopt the new faith on the plea that he had to consult with his countries over the matter.6 Ramandi preached by Santidas including his brother Manshai and his son Shyamshai.7
But Santidas was not a mean preacher. He insisted the king fervently by augmenting various arguments for softening the adamant attitude of the king towards his faith. Santidas’s persuasive manner of argument at last won the heart of the king, and, as such, on the full moon day of Wakching, Wednesday in the year 1729 the king initiated to the Ramandi cult. After a short span
of time he was addicted to the new faith and remained as a puppet into the tip of his Gurus finger point. He accepted to what the Guru said in entirety.
(to be contd.)

Communal Harmony and Integration

By : L. Shyamjai Singh, IIS (B. Com L.L.B)
PRESS OFFICER (RETD.)
PIB, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting
Govt. Of India

After 70 years of independence India is still facing three basic challenges of minimising disparities eradicating discriminating and avoiding alienation. The reasons are not far to seek. India being a big country of big communities, tribes and sub-tribes speaking different languages and dialects has multi-social customs and festivals and religious faiths. The development programmes and projects, if not implemented under equal facilities and balances and prospects for the people as per geographical regions, the economic disparity will prevail. Similarly the Manipur state situated in the North East Region will not be an exception to it.
During the last sixty eight years development works are confined mostly in urban areas rather than the rural areas, Road communication is also not good as compared with the urban areas. Electricity work was not adequately available in rural and different hill areas. This has led to the disparity between rural and urban areas in many respects of development and progress. That dissatisfaction of the rural and hill areas is the hurdle towards promotion of harmony. Hence the overall development process for improving the living standard of the poor rural people will be affected to a great extent. Non Government Organisations and local clubs and other organisations of different communities have to be approved to take part in the development works programmes. Change of thoughts and joint efforts have to be made for general upliftment of economic standard. All the concerned Govt. agencies have to be contacted for taking up all feasible development programmes which can give direct and quick result to the local residents. Constant contact and interaction among various communities are encouraged by all possible ways in order to create sense of awareness and maximum sharing in the social responsibilities and effective motivation. Our unique composite culture based on social harmony and integration could be survived through indomitable will of the nation.
Manipur is abode of more than thirty six tribes seven scheduled caste, Muslims, Nepalese Biharis, Bengalis, Marwraries, Punjabis and Meiteis who account for sixty per cent of the population there is not elements of social discrimination among the various communities except the recent anti-India feelings incited by the underground elements and anti-social groups. Never in our long history the communal riot had never flared up between the Hindus and Muslims. But recent conflict between the two major tribes, the Nagas and the Kukis caused mainly by the utopian concept of Greater Nagaland at the aegis of NSCN-IM. The majorities Meiteis with a liberal attitude towards every section of society will have to make themselves involved in all social aspects of economic and administrative treatments.
Youth camps are the best means for promoting harmony and emotional integration and as organising camps in various places where many communities led down can give ample opportunity for associating together among themselves. Inter community marriage is a good step towards sharing common bondage of lone and fraternity, constant contact and joint sharing in the joint concern of manifold complex issues will surely minimise callous misunderstanding.
The tendency of the minority government to keep in isolation under the old conditions of frustration could only be minimised through frank and open mind in all dealings for economic and social welfare indiscriminately until and unless the balance and equitable prosperity could be brought about among the communities no harmony and integration could be promoted. All the major decisions towards the common cause of the country and state Government or Non-Government Agencies should be made on the basis of peoples welfare, political and geographical consolidation without winning the heart of the public cannot be sound policy of integrity. India is the home of secular democracy; every person should be proud of being an Indian in the mainstream of the country. If so regional integration based on emotional mind and moral integrity with deep thought and humanity will work ‘well towards end of abstract vision. The most constructive element of unity and communal harmony is to be enhanced at any cost through massive middle class levels too. It is quite appropriate to remember few words of Indira Gandhi - “Every Indian has the right to demand its right full claim; but it should not infringe into the right of other community”.

Policeman from Manipur honoured with best photography award

IT News

Imphal, Oct 8,

 

What is specific about personnel of the Manipur police is that they are not known for their courage in fighting or protecting common people but some among them are too good in photography.

Moirangthem Ajoy @ Da Naoba , son of M. Bijoy singh and M. Jobonlata devi of Khagempalli Pankha Nganapithong  Mapan, presently serving as a Rifleman at 2nd Manipur Rifle under Commandant  P.Manjit Singh (MPS), known for his courage in protecting the common people of Moreh town in mid 2000s as Nepali, was honoured as the best Photographer Award of the year by New Delhi Based A. R. Foundation .

Moirangthem Ajoy has been awarded the prestigious award in recognition to his contribution to the issues and aspects pertaining and relating to Humanity.

The award was handed over to him yesterday during mega event at Green Peace Foundation, Din Dayal Upadhyay Marg, ITO, New Delhi -02.

Moirangthem Ajoy Singh is popularly known to his friends as Da Naoba. He was borne and brought up in a chaotic society due to conflict between groups which follow different ideology.

“I was many time upset by the way people get destroyed or seeing people destroying the beauty of my mother nature. I was often driven in deep pain seeing old ladies struggling for survival, young children deprived of their rights and homeless searching to hide from the summer heat and the stormy rains”, Ajay said to Imphal Times after receiving the award.

The man who is trained to use rifle said , “the virtue of patriotism that runs through my veins make me chose Security Force, as I am curious of bringing normalcy in my state and to highlight the beauty of my native state gifted by Mother Nature”.

Photography is Ajoy’s passion. He enjoyed capturing the beauty of the gift of Mother Nature. He waited at foothills for hours waiting to capture the sun rising from in between the hills and spend many evenings to capture shot of the sun dipping in our Loktak Lake.

“The more I went out to capture the beauty of my state, the more I started noticing women in my mother’s age struggling for survival, daughters and sons of my son’s age spoiled by leaving them at field when they were supposed to be seen in school”, Ajoy said to this newspaper.

“With my SLR (Rifle) on my left shoulder and the DSLR on my Right shoulder as I am left handed. I always wanted to be a peacekeeper and I followed order of my superior to do things that will restore peace”, Ajoy said and added that he like more shooting with his DSLR than with the SLR.

  • Published in News

Australia based editor to interact with Guwahati scribes

NJ Thakuria
Guwahati, Oct 8,

 Alan Gray, publisher and chief editor of NewsBlaze Daily News, will interact with journalist-members of Guwahati Press Club on Friday (12 October 2018). The Australia based editor will be live through the digital media from 12.30  to 2 pm (Indian time) to deliver a lecture and answer queries from the scribes. Alan has been on the internet since it first started. He loves to use his expertise in content and digital marketing to help businesses grow, through managed content services. After living in the United
States for 15 years, Alan is now in South Australia.
He is expected to speak about the new media and its enormous possibilities across the globe. Moreover Alan will also highlight the danger of fake news in the backdrop of shrinking traditional media including newspapers and news channels.

  • Published in News

Orthopaedic doctor conducts media OPD clinic

IT News
Guwahati, Oct 8,
Apollo Hospitals Chennai today (6 October) conducted the media OPD clinic at Guwahati Press Club, where Dr Ram Bathi  (Orthopaedic) was available for free consultation to media persons along with their family members. Organized under the series of ‘Evening with a Doctor’ programs, the health camp has been supported by Down Town Hospitals, GNRC Hospitals, Dispur Hospital, Ayursundra Hospital, Wintrobe Hospital, Health City Hospital, Nemcare Hospital, Excelcare Hospital, Sun Valley Hospital, Narayana Hospitals, Swagat Hospital, Barthakur Clinic etc.

  • Published in News
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