Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg is a regular contributor of Imphal Times, mostly related with Education. Vijay is a resident of Street Kour Chand MHR Malout-152107 Distt Sri Muktsar sahib Punjab. Vijay Garg, Ex.PES-1 is a retired Principal from Government Girls Sen Sec school Mandi Harji Ram Malout -152106 Punjab. He is also the author of Quantitative Aptitude, NTSE , NMMS, Mathematics of XII, ICSE numerical physics and chemistry many more books.

Mobile dominating children’s lives getting addicted to mobile and internet to the point of obsession is no less than an addiction. Nowadays mobile, computer, tablet etc. gadgets are influencing the new generation very much. While the increasing use of the Internet has increased the income of the Internet providers, there has also been an immense increase in the number of people using the Internet.
As a result, today every ordinary and special person has a mobile phone and that with a bang using the Internet Today, even children are not less than adults in terms of using mobile phones. If we talk about mobile phones, according to an estimate, about 30 percent of children in our country get a mobile phone by the age of 10 years and 70 percent children by the age of 12 years. Almost all children have their own mobile phone by the age of 15. But due to lack of awareness of the parents, the mobile phone is having a deadly effect on the physical and mental level of their children. Mothers do not shy away from giving mobile phones to their small nursing children, but they want that if their child is busy on the phone, he will not cry and they will deal with their work in peace. Some parents are often busy with mobile phones in front of their children, due to this, there is an increase in the attraction of mobile phones in the minds of children. Homework also on phones In order to protect their reputation and economic status during the corona period, private schools have used their own resources to make children addicted to mobile phones through online homework have paid their contribution, at the same time, even after the corona call in government schools, homework is being sent to children through WhatsApp groups on mobile phones.
As a result, parents are helpless to give their children separate mobile phones. Children today are using gaming, YouTube and social media on mobile phones. The surprising thing is that children studying in the fourth-fifth standard are also running their own YouTube channels. They are coming under the spell of this bog-like technology, influenced by the magical dazzle of mobile and internet. the child Facebook, Insta, Twitter and so on. T. T. etc. apps are also being used regularly. Technology companies are developing new gadgets and apps keeping children and youth in mind, the excessive use of which is wasting the time of our new generation and the youth, as well as economic, social, It is destroying them mentally and physically. Radiation is dangerous for the brain Experts recommend that mobile phones should not be given to children under the age of 16. Their brain mobile radiation is very sensitive to exposure to the effects of, because the brain and body tissues are still developing, these rays can damage the cells. Absorption of radiation can cause serious health problems in children.
According to the research of Exeter University of Britain, if you use mobile for a long time, the risk of cancer and weakness increases with radiation. Excessive use of mobile also leads to blood pressure and heart diseases In the case of children, these results can prove to be even more fatal. mobile Phones have a very bad effect on children and it can bring unwanted changes in their lifestyle. Many children become so obsessed with the phone that they distance themselves from their parents and friends and remain lost in the mobile phone all the time. Having mobile in the hands of children increases the chances of misuse of mobile phone. Children can send and receive obscene messages, pictures or videos. Children can access adult websites. While browsing through some websites They may accidentally click on links that may lead them to adult or criminal content. So many incidents of crime are coming up day by day. Physical and mental effects Experts are warning about the negative effects of mobile phones on the physical and mental health of young children.
The University of Toledo has claimed in one of its researches that the blue light coming out of these gadgets is pushing us towards premature blindness. Due to this, the problem of itching, dryness and tanning occurs on the skin goes away Due to mobile, the child may face diseases such as fatigue, headache, lack of sleep, loss of memory, ringing in the ears, joint pain, obesity and stress. Most parents allow children to play mobile games to keep them occupied. The addiction of these online games gradually starts to affect the brain and way of thinking of children. Their full attention goes to mobile games instead of studies. Deteriorating manic balance Deterioration of children’s mental balance due to games, lack of social interaction, mindLoss of concentration, sleep problems, avoidance of studies, negative issues dominating the mind, indifference in other aspects of life, increased anger, violent mentality and many other physical problems change the outlook of children towards life. are destroying the future of According to another study, an average cell phone is seven times dirtier than your flush seat. These nasty germs cause food poisoning and stomach worms. Due to this, the possibility of stomach pain, vomiting and diarrhea increases. 

Thursday, 23 March 2023 18:37

How to keep motivated?

Motivation can be described as a force external or internal that initiates action in a person which is oriented towards his goal. Motivation causes action in us. Motivation can be intrinsic or extrinsic. Extrinsic motivation comes from the outside of the individual. It is driven by external factors such as money, trophies, prizes, grades, or praises. When someone motivates you, it is external motivation. On the other hand, intrinsic motivation is just the opposite of extrinsic motivation. It comes from inside of the person. Whenever you do something for your own enjoyment and fun, you are intrinsically motivated to that task. If a student gets a bad grade in his history exam, he will study to improve his grade. This is extrinsic motivation for the student. But if the student is studying history because of his own interest, because he wants to know what all happened in the ancient times, he is intrinsically motivated to do so. Therefore, when we do a task because it is our duty, or someone has told us to complete task we are being extrinsically motivated and when we do something because we want to do it, it is not necessary for us to do it but still we are doing it, then we are intrinsically motivated to do it.
Why is Motivation Important?
Motivation is important for everyone. Motivation is necessary for a good start. If a person lacks motivation, he cannot start any task in a proper and organized way. Motivation provides the right attitude to a start a new task. Motivation helps you to keep on working. When the person feels low, when he thinks that he cannot continue the task, motivation helps the person to complete the task. Motivation also boosts the confidence of a person.
When a person thinks that he is not fit for the job, the right motivation can encourage him to throw all the negative thoughts from his mind and then he can prove that he was wrong. Motivation can encourage the person to do what he wants to do. It encourages him to follow his results. In the absence of motivation, a person becomes a pessimist. This has a direct impact on his result or the goal. The performance of the person gets affected. The person will perform below his standard.
How to Stay Motivated?
One can always stay motivated by following the below-given points:
Have a Good Attitude: A person’s attitude is the first thing that motivates him. If a person will have a negative attitude towards things, he will himself be demotivated. If the person will automatically think even before starting the work that nothing will go in his favour he will be already be demotivated and will not do the task. For example, a boss gives a very important responsibility to his employee, the employee may develop a fear of the responsibility because he may think that if he will not be able to fulfil it, he may lose his job. This fear is the first towards a negative attitude. This fear develops negative thinking in his mind. He may think that he is not the right one for the job or he may do anything but destiny will not let him fulfil the responsibility. This is nothing but demotivation. If the person will show a positive attitude and think that if he is given a responsibility there must be something in him due to which the responsibility is given to him and he is the only one who can fulfil it, the person will feel motivated. Differences in the results of both cases can be compared and it will be seen that a person with a healthy attitude will perform well because he feels motivated.
Stop Worrying: There are some things which you can handle at your own level but there are also some things which are beyond your scope of handling. These things which cannot be controlled by a person create worries in his mind and demotivates him. For example, a person wants to start a routine of waking up early in the morning and going for a walk. The person can control his sleep so he should focus on that rather than thinking that if he goes out and it starts to rain, or if he will get hurt, or he will fall sick. All these things are beyond his control so why to worry about them. Worries are part of demotivation. In the long run, worries may develop into fears. So, Focus on the things which can be controlled by you and forget about other things and let them happen. If you develop this kind of attitude you will automatically feel motivated.
Be with the People who Motivates You: The company of a person has a great impact on his life. The person will gradually become like the people he stays with. If the people in the company are filled with negative thoughts, they will demotivate the person and eventually the person’s thinking will also become negative. If a person tells his friends that he wants to participate in a sports competition and his friends say that there is no purpose of participating because at the end he will lose the competition, the persons become demotivated and will definitely get defeated even without participating. But if the friends motivate him and tell him that he should participate because there are chances that he can win the competition, the person will become hopeful and he may also win the competition. Therefore the company of a person matters a lot. If there are people in your company who fill your mind with negativities or demotivates you, then you should stay away from those people as they will not let you succeed in life.
Learn from your Mistakes: It is human nature to commit a mistake but repeating the same mistake, again and again, is foolishness. If you commit a mistake do not get demotivated. You are not the only one in this whole world who has done this mistake. Mistakes are totally normal. Do not feel that if you do a mistake in any work you are not suitable for that work. There may be other people who have committed more mistakes than you while doing the same work. Instead of getting demotivated you should work on your mistakes. First of all, find out what your mistake is. Then think about how you did that mistake and why did it happen. And then finally think of all the possible solutions to rectify the mistake. But rectifying the mistake is not enough. You should make sure that you do not repeat the mistake. You should learn from the mistakes you did. This is the right way to handle a mistake.
Take a Look at your Achievements: This is the best way to stay motivated. Look at all your trophies, certificates, awards, prizes which you have achieved in previous years of life. Looking at these will make you think that if you can achieve these you can definitely achieve more. This will motivate you to work even harder so that there is a new achievement in your pocket. Taking a look at them will also provide you with happiness which is a part of the motivation. A happy person can perform well than an unhappy one. So whenever you feel frustrated, sad, depressed, or demotivated for your goal take a look at all your achievements and try to remember what all hard work you did to get all these and think that if you can work for these achievements, then you can work for your future goals also.
Frequently Remind yourself about Your Goals: Firstly, think about the reasons why you want to accomplish this goal. Make a list of all the pros and cons associated with it. Try to think about your life after you have completed your goal. That will be definitely joyful. That joy may become your motivation. If you want to feel that joy you need to work on your goal. If you will keep on reminding yourself about this at regular intervals then you will never feel demotivated while working for your goal.
Divide Your Goal into Small Sub Goals: When you think of a goal, divide it into sub-goals. Whenever you achieve a sub-goal it will be a step towards your victory. These small victories will provide you happiness and motivation. If you will achieve your first subgoal, you will be motivated to work for your second subgoal and this will continue as you will keep on achieving the sub-goals. And eventually, you will reach your final goal.
It is said that to be champion you need to believe in yourself when nobody else believes you. This belief is your motivation. If you know you can do it, then you will definitely be able to do it and if you want to do it there is no force in the world that can stop you from doing it. A goal cannot be achieved by just wishing for it. You need to work for it. When you understand this, you get the required motivation. It is only you who can work for achieving your own goal. It is you who needs to work hard. Hard work can make difficult tasks easy and it may also make impossible things possible. What you have to do is work hard without losing hope. No dream is so big that it cannot be achieved. If you have the capability of dreaming about it then you have the capability of achieving it too. So dream big and stay motivated and as they say, work hard until your idols become your rivals.

The formative years, starting from conception up to eight years of age, is a period of extraordinary growth and development in a child’s life. A sizeable body of research suggests that nearly 90% of brain growth occurs before kindergarten. Children at this age are incredibly impressionable and, therefore, the social, emotional, and cognitive skills that they pick up during this time are likely to lay the foundation of their adulthood.
Nations around the world have acknowledged the need for and the importance of Early Childhood Education (ECE). Finland, notably, has earned accolades for its ‘educare’ model, which is an integrated approach to education and care1. Here, the Finnish government supports the child’s learning and development without necessarily pressuring kids to learn too much, too soon.
In essence, the purpose of early years of education goes beyond earning good grades, prestigious degrees, and hefty salary packages. Its aim is to provide children with strategies to help them develop a lifelong love for learning.
India’s standing on education front
With over 158.7 million children under the age of six years, the country has a unique opportunity to accelerate its overall growth by improving the quality and access to early childhood programmes. Last year, the Union Education Ministry introduced the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) for the foundational education of children in the three to eight years age group. Taking cues from ancient Indian traditions, NCF proposes a Panchakosha Vikas (five-fold development) model, where the curriculum is centered around physical development, development of life energy, mental development, intellectual development, and spiritual development. The National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) has also proposed several structures for pre-school education, including standalone Anganwadi centres and Balvatikas as well as the co-location of Anganwadi centres and Balvatikas with primary schools for functional linkage.
Undeniably, there have been policy efforts to reform the existing education model. However, there are still several issues which need to be addressed. To begin with, the pervasive and deeply ingrained culture of rote learning and exam-centric approach, where learning takes a backseat in the mad race for marks. The evaluation system requires a relook.
Innovative ways to rehaul the existing system
We are currently grading students on their ability to regurgitate the subject matter which may not necessarily be an accurate reflection of their abilities or knowledge. There are several key strategies that educators, policymakers and other stakeholders can leverage to improve the quality of education.
Equal respect for all subjects: We need to ensure that children understand the importance of every subject and cultivate curiosity around it. This will help build skills that are required for healthy self-expression and growth in life.
A more meaningful evaluation system: Shift focus from mugging to improving learning outcomes. This could be done by creating more engagement through classroom discussions and activities involving logic, problem-solving skills, analytical abilities, creativity and rational decision-making.
Learning through play: Play is healthy, and educators can encourage learning by providing children with resources that stimulate divergent thinking. Consider a good blend of indoor and outdoor activities which can be played safely by every child.
Improving budgetary allocation: India spent only 0.1% of its gross domestic product (GDP) on early childhood education in 2020-21, according to a report released by the Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability (CBGA) and non-profit Save the Children foundation. We need to increase the fund allocation and ensure its proper implementation so that children receive age-appropriate care and education.
Better teacher training: Teaching young children is a highly skilled work that requires a sensitive understanding of child development. We need courses that are both accessible and affordable. And let us not forget competent compensation.
Early childhood is a window of opportunity for us to help children lead more enriching lives. It plays a key role in improving our economy and is one of the most critical investments a country can make for its overall development. It is about time we accord it the importance it deserves and work towards introducing more innovation into the early growth and development of children. The benefits will be for all to see.

Level of education in our country is increasing day by day and competition is increasing as well. These days everyone wants to have the best career and are willing to work extra hard for the success. The examinations of 10th class are an important point in the life of a student in our country and a lot of his future course depends on his performance as well as his decisions made at this point of time. Any students after the completion of class 10 board exams are always worried about which stream to choose in Pre-University Education i.e. to join class 11. Once you complete in your 10th class, it is the right time to think about your career, because at this point of your education you are supposed to choose the stream like M.P.C, B.P.C, M.E.C, and Arts, but it is important to know the opportunities and options you will have after pursuing any of the above. It is very important that before you make an important decision of your career, you have analyzed all the available options.
Making a decision about your career is not an easy thing to do; most of the students completing their 10th standard are confused about deciding a right career path. There is a lot of external pressure and expectations also that add on to this confusion. Selecting the right course after class 10th is not an easy task. Your whole life ahead, as well as your career, depends on your decision, for a successful career, careful planning and following it up with a workable plan is needed. Before making any move, it is important to know about all the resources and opportunities and decide well according to your capabilities. Career exploration, knowledge about one’s own self, decision-making ability, future goals are some among the essential elements needed for a successful career planning. You need the help of your parents, siblings, friends, and teachers who could help you out in deciding your action, for deciding a potential career; one can also attend educational fairs, career guidance seminars that allow you to get in touch with several institutes and courses.
Choosing a career path is one of the most important decisions of anyone’s life and whole future is dependent on this particular decision. Which choosing the right career path, it should be kept in mind that the career path should be decided solely on the interest of the candidate and the parents should not force them to take up courses of their choice instead motivate them to follow their actual interest. The decision should not be influenced by parent’s occupation, parent’s interest, parent’s aspiration, job opportunity, family standards, family business, student’s score in a particular subject, or anything else. It is important for the parents or guardians to understand the interest of their children in terms of their future goal, role model, whatever they like and it would be better if according they suggest their child by providing various options to reach that goal. If children do whatever they like or have interest in, they tend to give in their 100% effort to achieve success.
At the same time, it is also the duty of the parents and elder siblings to make the candidate aware of other possible opportunities, pros and cons, other various factors. At the same time, it is also important that they should not influence the candidate to go in a particular direction where they want him to go, that would be unfair. It is the duty of each and every parent to empower their child to make a decision best for their child and at the same time should also not enforce them to a certain stream. Both the student and the parents must think from the long-term perspective rather short-term or easier career path. To obtain a strong foundation for further studies like graduation and post-graduation, a good option after 10th is studying +2 or PUC. The selection of the streams in +2 depends upon the student’s aptitude, grade and marks. But the most important factor is one’s keen interest in the subject and the purpose for selecting the course. The main or popular streams available after the 10th level are:
Science Stream with Non-medical (PCM)
Science Stream with Medical (PCB)
Commerce Stream
Arts or Humanities Stream
Science Stream with Non-medical (PCM)
Once you complete your 10th class, you have to make a choice of subjects for your higher studies. For those students who are interested in engineering or non-medical line can opt for science subjects with PCM (physics, chemistry and mathematics) as their major subjects and 2 other subjects of their choice. It is important to note that if you are a hard working person and you really have an interest in technical line then only you should pick up these subjects. These days a lot of parents are forcing their children into the non-medical stream and doing engineering these days has become a fashion and everyone seems to be joining this bandwagon without analyzing their capabilities. A lot of parents are forcing their children into engineering thinking that engineering would be the best career option for them, but there are other career options also that provides an opportunity for equal respect and equally satisfying career as engineering. It is more important to analyze your capabilities and act accordingly, rather than following a bunch of like-minded people.
Science Stream with Medical (PCB)
The medical stream provides an excellent opportunity for those who are really interested in life-sciences, have a great inner quality of helping others as well as those who are really motivated about discovering something new for human life. Science stream with major subjects as PCB (physics, chemistry and biology) gives an opportunity for those interested in the medical field. This field requires a lot of sincerity and hard work. There is no escape for hard work in this line. After taking PCB for your 11th and 12th you can appear for various competitive exams and choose from a lot of courses on the basis of your interest and percentage. At graduation level, you can opt for MBBS, BDS, nursing, a course in biotechnology, veterinary studies, forensic sciences as well as other courses related to the human body as well as human surroundings. Study about the human body can be very interesting but at times can get really tough. In this field, there is no chance of even smallest error, as herein medical field your small mistake can be fatal for someone. So in this field, you need to be extra cautious and only people with a great sense of ability only get successful in this field.
Commerce Stream
Commerce stream offers another lucrative career option for those having interest in mathematics and calculations. Some of the popular graduate courses offered through the commerce stream are B.Com, BBA, BMS, BBM, CFA, CA, ICWA, CFP etc. Mostly major commerce colleges offer subjects such as Business economics, financial accounting, Business Communication, Marketing, Business Law, Business Finance, Auditing, Cost accounting, Income tax from which students have to choose their subject of interest. A student has to take a total of six subjects along with English and one additional subject during their 11th and 12th standard. Commerce stream is for those interested in business studies as well as for those having a lot of interesting into accounting and offers a good career with some really lucrative pay packages. Students who are interested to pursue a career in Banking, Insurance, Stock Broking or any other finance-related jobs may choose the economics stream. There are lots of opportunities in India in this field due to the economic liberation and growth.
Arts or Humanities Stream
A lot of students after completing their 10th opt for the arts stream. Arts stream has a wide variety of subjects which can offer exciting career opportunities for the students. Selection of Arts stream after 10th examination enables to pave the way for choosing some gripping careers other than engineering or medical studies. This stream offers subject History, Geography, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, English, Hindi and Sanskrit for the higher secondary level. But one has to opt for four compulsory subjects in addition to English and a Modern Indian Language. If anyone has the interest to pursue a career in mass media, journalism, literature, sociology, social service, human psychology, politics, economics, and history then you must choose Arts stream after passing the 10th examination. It is just not enough that you are creative, it is also required that you should love competition because creative fields involve lots of competition and pressure to meet deadlines that means it involves lots of hard work. You can select subjects of your choice and those having a keen interest in the language or literature can choose the language of their choice. Arts stream provides a career option for the creative people who want to make a career in the field of arts and culture.
Some other Career Opportunities  and Job Prospects after 10th Class
Those discussed above were a few popular options for those who wish to study further and carve out a career for them. There are also few candidates who are not interested in the studying part and are more interested in some professional job oriented course or simply want a job by clearing competitive examinations. There can be different reasons for such behaviors. At times there are students who do not belong to a high-class family and supporting their education is not possible for their family, on the other hand, there are also those who are not interested in studying further and just think that completing 10th was enough for them. For such candidates a few options can be:
Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and Industrial Training Centers (ITCs): ITIs and ITCs provide professional training in various job oriented courses and make candidates suitable to perform a particular job like cutting hair, operating machine, stitching, and embroidery etc. Constituted under the Ministry of Labour, Union Government of India, Government-run ITIs, and privately-run ITCs are training organizations which provide training in the technical field as well as other job oriented courses. ITI courses are designed to impart basic skills needed for a specified trade like electrician, machinist, fitter, plumber, turner, welder etc. and depending upon trade, the duration, of course, may vary from one year to three years. After passing the course a person may opt to undergo practical training in his trade in an industry. A National Trade Certificate (NTC) is provided by NCVT (National Council for Vocational training) in the concerned trade and to obtain this certificate one has to qualify the All India Trade Test (AITT). These people can find job openings in government sectors like Indian Railways, telecom departments etc. after qualifying a written examination. Also, those passing out successfully from it is can easily get the job in different industries as well.
Indian Army: Indian Army also provides an opportunity for the candidates to join in with the army after completing the matriculation. Though there are different entry levels for the candidates to enter army it is also possible that after matriculation, one can join in Indian Army to the posts of soldiers in technical trade through written exams like Indian Army Soldier Clerks Examination, Indian Army Soldier General Duty (N.E.R.) Examination, Indian Army Soldier Technical (M.E.R.) Examination, Indian Army Soldier Nursing Assistants (M.E.R.) Examination etc. on successfully clearing the examination candidates are required to undergo compulsory training and upon successful completion, candidates join in at their respective ranks.
Staff Selection Commission (SSC) Exam: Staff Selection Commission every year advertises its various posts for which eligibility starts from matriculation. A lot of posts like those of clerks require the only matriculation as the minimum qualification and candidate’s right after completing their 10th can apply for these positions. Upon successfully clearing the written examination, the candidates can join in at the various selected posts. Just like SSC, CRPF also advertises the posts of constable for those who want to join police force right after completing their 10th standard.  

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