Mother tongue needed to provide basic education to children

Written By: / Career Guidance and Education / Sunday, 21 February 2021 17:47

The mother tongue  is the language learned from the mother which a person learns from birth.  That is why it is also called ‘Mother Tongue’.  Children learn this language from their parents.  It is also called the first language. The child’s mother tongue is associated with it from childhood. After that, if the child learns another language, it is called a second language. The child gets up and sits in his mother tongue.  He learns to walk, play and speak. This is where his first education begins.
 It is self-evident that the best medium of instruction for children is their mother tongue. Psychologically it is a system of meaningful symbols that work automatically in their brain for expression and understanding. Socially  He has the means to be one with the members of the community to which he belongs. Educationally, he learns faster through his mother tongue than through an unknown linguistic medium.
  linguists believe that the mother tongue can be learned by the age of about twelve. Once this age is over, every language learned by a person becomes a second language.  Specific linguistic abilities vary.
 Children’s basic education begins at birth. They learn to speak words in their mother tongue.  By the time you go to school, by the time you are three or four years old, a child has absorbed a lot of vocabulary, knowledge and symbols in his mind.  He has learned to write vocabulary and imagery. In these cases, if the child is taught in another language, then it must be understood that he has to be taken back three or four years. In such a case we can say that the child  Three or four years of time have been wasted. Learning the same thing from scratch is a difficult task for a child. He has to bear the mental burden of doing basic education in another language. A small child then faces difficulties.  Has to do when her school language is different and her home language is different.  Only the mother tongue is suitable for the basic education of the child. The development of the child’s knowledge with the mother tongue can never be with another language.  While basic education can be done better with the mother tongue, it is also important to have a good grasp of the mother tongue in order to learn and teach another language. A child’s vocabulary in another language cannot be as good as the mother tongue.  As a result, the knowledge gained in another language remains incomplete.  Children studying in regional language or mother tongue lag behind in education in the dilemma of second language and mother tongue. Only children who have mastered the mother tongue can master the second language.  Neither have they been able to get a good education in another language nor have they been able to master the mother tongue.  While learning both the languages, they can neither write and speak the mother tongue nor the Punjabi language well, nor can they speak the second language English well. The mother tongue has maximum vocabulary which the other  Language cannot be learned. The mother tongue itself has maximum vocabulary, so it can be expressed freely which cannot be done in other language. The intellectual, moral and cognitive development of the child should be in the mother tongue only.  Can  Literature, dance, sculpture, painting, etc. can also be mastered with the mother tongue. It is a misconception that knowledge in English is the only proof of one’s intelligence.  English is just a language, language is always a means of communication and not a criterion for being intelligent or less intelligent.  The child can also find the meaning of the stories heard from his grandparents in the mother tongue.
 In the end we can say that there can be no substitute for mother tongue to impart basic education to children. Of course it is necessary to learn other languages as well. No matter how many languages are learned, they are other languages.  Even the most difficult subjects, if taught in the mother tongue, children can understand them quickly. Limited knowledge of other languages hinders reading, teaching and comprehension.  If we don’t think deeply about the matter, we may face dangerous consequences tomorrow.  In the same way the little kids will be buried under the mental burden.

About the Author

Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg is a regular contributor of Imphal Times, mostly related with Education. Vijay is a resident of Street Kour Chand MHR Malout-152107 Distt Sri Muktsar sahib Punjab. Vijay Garg, Ex.PES-1 is a retired Principal from Government Girls Sen Sec school Mandi Harji Ram Malout -152106 Punjab. He is also the author of Quantitative Aptitude, NTSE , NMMS, Mathematics of XII, ICSE numerical physics and chemistry many more books.

Please publish modules in offcanvas position.