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Items filtered by date: Thursday, 03 December 2015 - Imphal Times - A Daily Eveninger

JAC against killing of School teachers warns serious consequences if the accused is granted bail

Joint Action Committee formed against the brutal killing of School Head teacher, Md. Hashmad Ali @ Babu today warns serious consequences if the accused presently detained in police custody is released on bail before unfolding the truth behind the killing.
The JAC also questions the reason for not arresting the culprits involved in the killing even after identity has been informed to the police. It said the JAC suspended the agitation and accepted the dead body of the school head master after the SDPO and SP of Imphal East had assured for speedy investigation to the case. Speaking to reporters today at Taj Hotel, Hatta Golapti, convenor of the JAC Md. Rajauddin said that  both the SP and SDPO had stated that the accused Md. Amu had revealed about the involvement of his family members in the gruesome murder of the school head master. He said if the police delay the investigation then the JAC will have no option but to demand for handing over of the case to an independent investigating agency.

Regarding the clarification made by the family of the accused, the JAC said that they had already informed the family of the accused to go along with them to the police station within three days time from November 28 but the family members did not turned up which means they cannot escaped from the crime they had committed. The JAC further appealed the judge of the law court where the accused was supposed to produce not to grant bail if in case the accused applied, until the truth is unfolded.

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Home Guards threaten agitations

Manipur Home Guard Employees Welfare Association today held a Press Meet at Khuyathong Durga Mandop to highlight their long standing grievances which the state government has so far failed to address. According to the office bearers, despite repeated requests and representations along with Memorandums, the genuine concerns of the 2196 home guard personnel in the state have fallen on deaf ears. Citing the growing problems, both financially and otherwise being faced by the personnel, an office bearer states that the home guard personnel are being utilized in various tasks relating to maintenance of law and order similar to that of a police personnel. Moreover, the Home Guard Organisation was constituted as a para-military reserved force. Under the circumstances, the personnel, through the Association have repeatedly requested the state government to raise their duty allowance equal to that of the minimum pay of the state police personnel as per a Supreme Court ruling on the matter on March 11, 2015. The Association resolved to carry out various forms of protests and agitations if the demand for the raise in allowance and other benefits are not met by the 6th of December 2015 which is also the 52nd Raising Day of the Home Guard Organisation of Manipur.    

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Exhibitions for disabled begins

As a part of the International Day of Persons with Disabilities 2015 the 3rd Winter Disabled Mela for Inclusive Society begins today at Kebol Girls’ School, Tera. The exhibition is organized by Relief Centre for the Welfare of Differently Abled Person (RCWDAP) in collaboration with Life Line Development Organization.
The function was attended by Secretary of Art and Culture Radhakumar, Ch. Upendra president of RCWDAP and Kh. Loyalakpa, Editor of the Naharolgi Thoudang as dignitaries.  

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Students staged rally against PSO’s allegations

Students of Haoreibi Awang Leikai Tera Makhong Upper Primary Schools staged a protest rally demanding clarification from the  Pangal Student Organisation (PSO) against its allegations to the school administration which appeared in today’s newspapers. The rally began from the school premises and return back to the same school after reaching the office of Deputy Inspector of School, Lilong.
Md Azad khan, a member of the school management committee while speaking to media persons said that the head master of the school had never taken admission fee from any student.
“During his tenure no student expels from the school as alleged by PSO through media” Md Azad khan. He further added that the school has around 350 students.
“The school doesn’t have teacher for Hindi, English Mathematics and Meitei Mayek etc.” he added.
He further said 2 of the class rooms of the school were also built by the donation from the guardians of the school students. 

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‘Smart’ leaders required

After the infamous 8-8-88 military crackdown in Burma, many pro democrats took refuge in the state of Manipur. The desperate pro-democrats fought with resilience and determination for decades staying out of their country to restore democracy in their country under the leadership of Aung San Suu Kyi. A few among those who escaped their country experienced acute frustration on imagining why all the people of Burma do not understand the needs for democracy. Some among them desperately attempted to mobilize the villagers about the need for restoration of democracy in Burma, but were not very successful and the Military Junta which later change its name to SPDC continues to rule the nation until recently when Aung San Suu Kyi’s political party got majority in the parliamentary election. It took nearly 20 years to restore democracy, or some semblance at least, in Burma; in other words it took the same number of years to make the people aware about the need for democracy. In another case in early 2000 a friend from Bhutan once said that their country needs a monarch as people are not so literate. Government by the people needs people to be literate and have the ability to choose the right person to run the country. And he was of the idea that until people at least got minimum literacy to understand which representative to choose, it was better to have a monarchial form of government. May be the Burmese refugees or the Bhutanese friend have their point. Or the people of their respective countries might have been well motivated by their respective leaders to believe in their words. If people want a successful democracy – a ‘govt. of the people for the people and by the people’, the electors should be at least be able to properly judge on whom to be elected as their leader. “Smart city” is now the talk of the town. Private TV channels, social media, newspapers now are occupied with ideas, comments and critics about making Imphal a ‘smart city’. As chief town planner Gitchandra had stated that the main idea about smart city is making the people smart, it now becomes common understanding for almost all of us that making the people ‘smart’ stands as top priority for the mission. But, How? This column had suggested some of the important component that needs to be taken up as top priority to make people smart. But one serious issue is when the leaders are not smart and resourceful enough to make the common people smart, how can one still dream of a Smart city. First, the priority of IMC to make Imphal a smart city should be starting some initiative to make the politicians, Bureaucrats, govt. employees from top to bottom smart enough to make the people smart. When we talk about ‘smart’ – we literally mean sincerity and persons with integrity. Until and unless the leaders are not smart enough to make the citizen realize the cruciality of becoming smart, the concept of a “Smart City” will remain just a wishful thinking.

Community Policing in Manipur

Policing in Manipur now:
There was no systematic policing in Manipur before a standardized  policing system was introduced in the state by British way back in 1894. The existence of a systematic policing came into existence with the opening of Imphal Police station and appointment of Shri Arambam Ramlal Singh (Meino) as the first Sub-Inspector of Police in January, 1894.
This is the first step to the emergence of a standardized police force in the state by doing away with the system of military duty of the people called Lallup which was abolished  by the then political agent Mr. Maxwell – on 29/04/1892. From the establishment of the first police station at Imphal, Manipur Police reached by leaps and bounds to the present stage of having a total strength of 32918 (inclusive of civil police, MR and other units) from a Department headed by a Sub-Inspector to a Director General of Police now.
Community Policing:
Before going ahead to the topic Community Policing in Manipur, let us know what Community Policing is first, so as to enable us to know where we stand now in terms of policing system prevalent in the state and also to know at what stage of policing the developed countries of the world are standing.
Community Policing : Defined
Community policing is the way of policing in which community renders their share and contribute ideas in the maintenance of law and order bringing orderly in the society by assisting the police in their efforts. Community  policing is not a self contained programme but a method of policing where the community is treated not as a passive customer but as an active partner in preventing crime and disorder and promotions of security with the total involvement of the community or the local neighbourhood in the police in identifying and resolving issues that give rise to crime and disorder.
The effectiveness of this type of policing is measured by the degree of public co-operation received and the absence of crime and disorder in the society. In the traditional system of policing, the success of police is measured in terms of arrest made during the period of time and on conviction, but in community policing the success of policing is determined by the extent of co-operation received from people and the amount of success achieved in the maintenance of law and order.

Community policing in Manipur:
The act which governs the police functioning in Manipur and in other states and union territories of India and in consonance with it the rules and service conditions governing the Police Department are being made is the Police Act, 1861. In fact, it is the Act which was enacted by the British into India during their hegemony in the then colonial India. The Act still continues as the governing Act of Police in India even after 68 years of independence of this country. The police in India during the British rule was a force and the intention of the police then was to make the police look at the Indians as the enemies of the then government in power. It was to safe-guard the interests of the British rule and to protect British citizens in India at that time. The uniform Khaki was chosen to look the police like the armed force such as military whose personality as by the design of their actual performance have to look during and aggressive as they deal with enemy. They wanted police to be force not a service. Thus, the Indians who came across in front of police in those days were enemies. In order to achieve this and to alienate, the training imparted to them were more of physical aspects which included physical exercises, toughening, bayonet practice anti riot drill, lathi charge, etc. The acts and rules governing the police have not been changed. The Assam Police Manuals (part I to VI) which was introduced in Manipur during the British time is still used as the Police Manual in Manipur in absence of a separate Manipur Police Manual till date. There is no change in the sequence of dispersal of unlawful Assembly u/s 129-131 of Code of Criminal procedure and Rule no.47  of AP Manual part-I. Thereby treating the public as rioter and enemies as was done during the period when India was not independent.
Police not a force but a service-
Indian police from Imperial Police (IP) has now, after independence, changed into Indian Police Service (IPS). But, there is no change in their way of functioning and in their dealing with public, etc. Police culture has not undergone any change from its colonial police, so is also Manipur Police. Police still is a force, not a service. They are more of status consciousness than of their role as a police in the society. People of the present era is more concerned with the consciousness of their role than the consciousness of their status. With uniform police acquire some social and professional status. But their social and professional status is of no value if their role as a policeman is not discharged to the expectation of the public. Police uniform and status alienate police from the public and this led to the failure of achieving the purpose of service oriented policing. On the other hand, as ego problem arises, police are in the habit of using filthy languages. This attitude is unbearable by the public. So, police station which remains as a place of public facility has become a place where young male and women do not like to visit even at times of their requirement.
With the advancement of modern technology in all fields in the world, the globe has become so small and the distance has been reduced. In the field of information also the happiness at one end of the world are reached to all parts of the world within minutes. So much so that the world has become on. The living standard, the taste of living, the value of life, the truth of everything including the sense of right or wrong in discharge of police duties are weighted and compare with treatment meted out by police in other countries under the same circumstances and conditions. As such, the acts of police are subject to people’s scrutiny in terms of such treatment as it happened in other countries. Failure to keep and maintain the right treatment leads to mass protest, agitation, etc. Under the new democratic set up, the people of Manipur would like to see a new police if possible more or less of a London Bobby type of police. The change context demands an active, alert, judicious service oriented and responsive police force and not indiscriminating and brutal one. Even if they use force, it should be for the larger interest of the society as they are protectors of life and property of the people at large.
Implementation of Community Policing in Manipur:
Soli Shorabjee seeing all the pitfalls in Indian Police has recommended Police Reforms and replacement of the Police Act 1861 by Police Act, 2006, making police more public friendly and service  oriented. He has suggested for introduction of two tier-system of policing by bifurcating police into law and order group and investigation group. The system has been implemented in Manipur as an experimental bases in the two police stations of Manipur – one at Imphal Police Station and the other at Porompat Police Station of Imphal West and East Districts respectively.
The need for Implementation of community system of policing was felt in Manipur Police way back in 2005. Thus the Government of Manipur has included Rule-365 in the Assam Police Manual Part-III requiring the Superintendents of Police to associate the citizens with the police work, to identify problems and to collaborate in reaching workable solutions to such problems as to create enthusiasm amongst the citizens in the direction, thereby encouraging them to help each other in the better living of the society. However, the rule has not been implemented in any of the districts by the District Superintendents of Police nor is this aware of by the subordinate officers not to talk of the constables. Thus, community policing in the state of Manipur remained a far cry as a system of policing for Manipur Police Department.
To make police public friendly the attitude and mind set of the police officers and men are to be changed from adhering their functioning to traditional system of where primitive approach in the dominant system of policing to a preventive and pro-active system of policing. In fact a paradigm shift to its recruitment system, training and working style is required to make police public friendly. This will make police a service than a force. The officers and men are to be trained and seminars and workshop, particularly at the training level be organized at the training college, both in service and during their basic training period. As such, community policing programme may be taken up at all districts so that the police functionaries are aware of this system of policing.
In the curriculum of school education of high school level, the topic of community policing as a system of policing may be including to make the students aware of this system of policing, as it is done in Kerala in the name of Janamaithri Suraksha Project, which is a project enunciated by Kerala Government and which has become the predominant feature of policing system of Kerala state with exceeding success. 
Note: Paper presented in ICSSR sponsored International Seminar on Movements in Recent Past and Present in Northeast India with special reference to Manipur, dt. 27-29 November 2015, organized by Centre for Manipur Studies (CMS), Manipur University.

This paper was presented by: Dr S. Ibocha Singh, IPS, Dy. Inspector General of Police (Range-II),Manipur.in the 3- Day Internatinal Seminar on MOVEMENTS IN RECENT PAST AND PRESENT NORTHEAST INDIA WITH SPEACIAL REFERENCE TO MANIPUR held at Manipur University organised by Centre for Manipur Studies MU

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