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Items filtered by date: Friday, 27 November 2015 - Imphal Times - A Daily Eveninger

Failed management

Driving or walking, it does make differences one suffers equally if it is in the street of Imphal. The comforts expected from driving a car is now a distant dream with traffic managers in the state had failed to prove their efficiency. The construction of Bir Tikendrajit Fly over and the widening of the roads seem to have no use with the authority failing to manage the situation. We do not simply blame the authority, the people too have responsibility. But it is the paid government authorities who are assigned for the job to make the traffic flow smoothly.

The state of Manipur has been witnessing a phenomenal increase in the amount of vehicles- an indication of the rising social status of the public and improving economic conditions in the state. While these factors are a welcome sign, the fact remains that the concerned authorities have failed to keep pace with the times and the changing social scenario in the state resulting in heavy traffic jams and delays which needs to be addressed immediately. The short term policies and systems being implemented from time to time in an attempt to ease the congestions and traffic jams have not been able to alleviate the problem in any way, on the contrary these ad-hoc measures have managed to confuse the public and compound the problem the authorities have been trying to solve. The formation of Traffic regulation and parking committee has not been of much help, and one can only wonder if they are functioning at all. Queries put up to the concerned departments have only resulted in more bewildering responses- a classic example of the effectiveness of passing the buck around that has been at work in all government set ups. While formulation of policies and systems to control and regulate traffic may be a beginning in the right direction, the fact remains that the increasing number of vehicles need additional space to accommodate them and juggling acts of the traffic system by the experts, however efficient and experienced they may be, will not bear fruit. Construction of additional parking spaces at strategic locations, bypasses and flyovers, and most importantly providing subways at important and crowded junctions will go a long way in reducing these problems. Construction of public utilities does not automatically guarantee improvement- their proper usage is as important- an obvious example being the use of footpaths by the vendors and shopkeepers to stock and ply their goods forcing the pedestrians to walk on the road. The need to streamline and re-orient the traffic police personnels is also being felt by the public. Turning a blind eye to the irregularities being committed by the drivers of various public and commercial transport vehicles in consideration for a “quick handshake” has been well documented- despite the dangers and inconveniences such greedy acts causes. The present government ministers and high ranking officials may not be feeling the burden such traffic jams causes as they seem to have a prerogative of the right of use of the road over the common public but unless some concrete steps are taken up very soon, the only option that would be available to them would be to use their feet with their retinue of escorts and assistants wading through the impossible traffic- surely a distracting relief for the stranded common public on the road.

Manipur Cultural Integration Conference (MCIC): A Long March In Manipur

Manipur is a natural landscape inhabited by communities of same racial affinity migrated from different direction, since time immemorial. It is also believed that human migration touch on this part of the world as early as seventy-fives thousand years ago as indicated on the human flow mapping of the National Geography and IBM project on the origin of Human kind. The flow of human movement in the territorial ambit of Manipur has been classified into two, namely the Nongchup Haram (Human flow from Western side) and Nongpok Haram (Human flow from Eastern side). The route of human migration in this part was on the ridges of mountain ranges. It is also believed that during the flow of human migration, most of the landscape of the present state was under water. Evidences of early evolution of human settlements in the state are on the mountain along the river channels (Khamkhuiand Mova caves along the Thoubal River, Tharol Cave along the Barak, PhukoiNingthou Cave along the Chakpi River). As the submerged water area receded and the formation of Manipur valley begins with the evolution of human settlement in valley simultaneous with the creations of principalities (Khuman,Luwang, Angom, Mangang …). With the growth of human society and civilization the Meitei Nation was founded with the amalgamation of all clans and principalities in the state. For more than two centuries we have together been co-existing and also maintain socio-cultural practices for symbolizing the relations between the highlanders and valley dwellers. Most of the Valley dwellers are most probably originated from the highlanders as stated by the then British ethnology. However, in the process of civilizational advances, some missing links have occurred which is to a large extent instrumental for the hill-valley dichotomy.  Religious divides among the hills and valley following the adoption of Ramandi/Hinduism by the valley dwellers and conversion to Christianity by those in the hills can just be cited as an example. It was then followed by the British Divide and rule policy, the legacy of which is continued by the modern Indian system). Because of this missing link the state becomes an inter-communities conflicting arena. One of the major events of Hills and Valley Divides in the year 1947 was erupted at Mao (leaded by Daiho) killing 2/3 persons by Assam Rifles personnels deployed by the then Governor General Md. HyderiAlli (Interim Government of MKPB Singh). The Second movement of Mizo Union in the Southern Manipur, was subsided by Maharakumar Priyabrata Singh and Major Bob Khating, respectively, the then Chief Minister and the Ministry of Hill Affairs, Manipur. With the sense of social insecurity started looming large, some of the prominent personalities from both the hills and the plain convened public meeting and decided to establish an organization called MANIPUR CULTURAL INTEGRATION CONFERENCE on Sunday, 15th October 1967. Founder president was Late Nongmeikapam Nabakishor and Late Laimayum Raghumani Sharma as founder General Secretary. Following its establishment, Maharajkumar Priyabrata (MK PB Singh) afterwards chaired the organization for live-long during his lifetime. The legacy of MCIC is with A. Brajkumar Sharma as the Chairman. The main objectives of MCIC were to bring a harmonious society in the state of Manipur basing on the principle of secularism and compassionate humanitarianism.
The MCIC started its long march by holding several study circles, camps, on spot studies, meetings. Learned papers were generated for reiterating the cultural similarities and dispersal from Makhel to different directions, located at different places with different ethnic entity. Those who settle in the highland are hill tribes while those in the valley are plain people. But we are all from the same ethnic affinity. Till today Valley people performed MERAWAA-YUNGBA to mark the survival signals to their big brother in the highlanders. As the civilization progresses in the state Mera Hou Chongba have been celebrating science time immemorial, till date to mark the bond of tie in between the highlanders and the Valley dwellers. At different sequels there have been many evidences of the people of valley taking shelter at the hill villages and converted as highlander. Similarly many highlanders were merged with the valley people. Meiteilol, or better known as Manipuri language which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family is the only lingua-franca in the region. There are similarities of higher degree in different forms of games and sports, dance performances, musical instruments, music’s nodes, etc.
Secondly, MCIC progresses its movement with the approach of visiting the remotest part of the hill village and tribes of small population for protecting their unique identities on culture and language/dialect, folklore, death and birth rituals and their similarities with other major communities. With this approach, MCIC started building bridges for creating understanding of peaceful co-existence in Manipur. This kind of movement was the main activities of MCIC during 1967 t0 1972. As an outcome of MCIC the ‘Kut’ Festival of Kuki-Chin family was initiated as early as December 1970 at Churachandpur. During the said period, many of the individual hill villages were visited, as for example i) Visit of Ukhrul during 28 to 30th June 1969, ii) Thangal (Bishnupur) RongmeiChiru 25 to 30 October 1970, iii) Komlathabi, Chandel during October 1971, Jiribam in December etc.
    Over and above these approaches, the MCIC has also been holding several camps in different parts of Manipur and studied the Socio-Economic conditions of the people living there. Based on the report of our own spot studies; it has come to realization that economic disparity among the people of the state is one of the main causes responsible for creating misunderstanding among our self. Without a suitable approach of removal of economic disparities between the different sections of the people inhabiting in Manipur, attempt to bring an understanding among our self for bringing social harmonies in the society may not bring any fruitful result.

    Then question arises how to remove this differential income in our infrastructure of population in relation to the present existing geographical landscape. Considering the potentialities of geographical landscape of the state and to scale down the level of economic disparities, MCIC initiated a new approach, attempting all round development programme with special emphasis on Agriculture, Horticulture and Agro-base Industries or Industries based on the available bio-resources. No doubt, our own local academicians and experts may generate hundreds of blueprints suitable to the existing geographical conditions. Even then another big question arises how to implement those schemes effectively to the benefit to the people of the state. To carry out or translate all the blueprint into action the state is required to empower its people in terms of skill development through existing higher educational facilities like post-graduate & research level, technology and medical and other professional courses to attend the degree of consciousness.
     How far are we conscious?  No doubt, there is sub-conscious mindset to us. In every nook and corner, we frequently encounter people talking about the rising price of essential commodities, unemployment problems, low production of food stuff, juvenile delinquency, defects in educational institutions, lack of industries and industrial activities, lack of entrepreneurship, communication bottle-neck and low percentage of road density in the state etc.  Simply we are capable for finding problems after problems but no one of us have ventured to solve these problems. However, MCIC assess the requirement of health services facilities and available medical manpower and essential supper specialties to the growing population and status of health in the state. Accordingly establishment of a Medical college has been initiated. Similarly for empowering our growing youths MCIC initiated to establish a University to facilitate advanced knowledge systems and research in the State. Considering the potentials of geographic landscape and major occupational structure MCIC initiate for the establishment of an Agricultural university in a federal structure in the state. We presumed that federal structure would be suitable like the mountain ranges for horticulture cum Forestry and Animal husbandries in the foot-hills; fisheries in the wetlands while rice research cum production will be in the valleys of Manipur. Now the state is having two universities, Agricultural University, two Medical institutes having full facilities for advance PG courses and research, IIIT and even for National Sport University etc. Several infrastructural developments schemes/protects has been reached out to the remotest part of the state as per the reports of the Government.
Till date, the economic disparity among the people is increasing further and further. Then, what is wrong with us? What needs to be done in this context? Shell we undertake social education programmed on war footing to make aware to all people to understand the issue and existing problems in realities. Encountering all these issues the MCIC is still proceeding a Long March to achieve the gold of Revolution in the state. The Goal will be attain only after people are fully conscious. No political Party can solve our problem without the peoples’ participation. To bring a status of systematic social security and peace full coexistence in the state each and every one of us should share the idea of MCIC and took participate in the process.

By: Dr.R.K.Ranjan Singh
Former CDC Director, MU

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Seminar on movements in recent past and present Northeast India with special reference to Manipur begins

The Inaugural Function of the Three Days International Seminar on MOVEMENTS IN RECENT PAST AND PRESENT NORTHEAST INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO MANIPUR was held today at the Conference Hall of the Anthropology Department, Manipur University, Canchipur. Dr. RK Nimai Singh, Consultant to the Government of Manipur graced the occasion as the Chief Guest. Naorem Nandakumar, News Editor, DDK, Imphal was the Guest of Honour and Prof. E. Bijoykumar Singh, Dean, School of Social Sciences presided the function.
The programme started with the release of the book entitled, “Claims and Refutations: Compilation on the Naga Political Movement” by Aheibam Koireng, Hanjabam Shukhdeba Sharma and Homen Thangjam. Giving the Editor’s note Homen Thangjam stated that the political movement of the Nagas, as different from the popular form of politics informed by electoral democracy, has traversed a long way. Along the way, it has left a trail of innumerable milestones, which are the stuffs of legend and history, and created many a friends as well as foes. Any attempt to understand the historical Naga movement, which has received the largest share of attention in contemporary history of the Northeast region of India, brings us to the necessity of understanding about the identity, aspirations and demands, etc. of this stock of resilient people. At the same time, it is also important to understand the perception of others on the movement. The compilation, he noted, is an attempt towards this end as whether one likes it or not the Naga political movement has somehow affected and continue to affect our life-world in the Northeast in general and Manipur in particular, from the most mundane to the most complex. He added that with this vision the publication was brought out and is a small token of contribution to make the Manipuri society a literate one, an endeavour which we’re indebted to our ancestors. According to him, the book is divided into 10 sections consisting of 50 chapters, which are based on original articles, interviews, pamphlets, memorandums, press releases, joint statements and open letters, etc.
Prof. MC Arun, Director, Centre for Manipur Studies, expressed his happiness in organising the International Seminar which is significantly relevant to Manipur. Movement according to him is a process, a culmination of people’s desire for the betterment. From the anthropological point of view, movements are not uni-linear or even and can change over time. He illustrated his view citing the Naga political movement which was started by some tribal leaders but over a period of time became a mass movement. Further he observed that the Naga movement changed its theme and goals after interacting various agents, factors and even actors in the social and political contexts. Naorem Nandakumar, Guest of Honour of the function remarked that the theme of seminar is very broad, and wondered if the various dimensions and facets of movements can be covered during the three days. Acknowledging the contributions of scholars and academicians, he empahsised that the turbulent times of Manipur demands some concrete actions and he believed the intelligentia would surely contribute their mites to make Manipur a better place.
Dr. RK Nimai Singh observed that ethnic relationship is the biggest challenge in Manipur. According to him, external factors have negatively shaped the relationship. Therefore, the most dire need of the hour is bringing out a comprehensive and also a structured movement for all the stakeholders in the state. He stressed the importance of undertaking any movements which can be related to all the brethrens in the state. This vision can shape a Manipur, which have evolved over the years, and one which can be handed over to the future generations,
Prof. E. Bijoykumar Singh, President of the function emphasised the need to have a clear vision and objective of our struggles. All the movements should be complimentary to each other to serve the larger political and economic interest of Manipur. What has happened so far, according to him, is that movements have negated one another, thereby, pulling the state of Manipur in a situation of contradictions. Finally, he stressed the need to fully assess and exploit the resources of Manipur (both material and human) in the context of larger happenings in and around Manipur so that our society can thrive.

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UNACCO students, Bishwajit’s supporters stage protest

Students of UNACCO School today staged sit-in-protest inside the school premises today against the burning of their school building by supporters of MLA Thongam Bishwajit. On the other hand, large number of people also staged sit-in-protest at Ningom Thongjao against the attack to workers of MLA Th. Bishwajit by staffs of UNACCO school.

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LA Speaker administers oath of office to the two re-elected MLAs

Khumucham Joykishan and Thongam Bishwajit who were re-elected from Thangmeiband and Thongju as BJP MLAs in the recently held bye-election today took oath as MLAs at Manipur Legislative Assembly. The oath was administered by the Speaker of the Manipur Legislative Assembly, Th. Lokeshwar. Deputy Chief Minister, Gaikhangam, Deputy Speaker Preshow Shimray, Chairman of Hill Area Committee, Dr. Chaltolian Amo, MLA Y. Irabot and MLA K. Sarat were also present in the oath taking ceremony.
Mentioned may be made that both the MLAs Kh. Joykishan and Th. Bishwajit were disqualified by the Speaker of the Manipur Legislative Assembly under the 10th Schedule of the Indian Constitution. Both were elected as Trinamool Congress MLAs in the 10th Manipur Legislative Assembly.Both Joykishan and Bishwajit joined the BJP after they were disqualified and contested the bye-election as BJP candidates. Speaking to reporters after taking oath, Thongam Bishwajit said that he will work to fulfill the basic requirement of the people of his constituency to enhance economic growth.
Khumukcham Joykishan on the other hand stated that he will be playing effective role as opposition in the state assembly. He said those matters which were assured by the concern minister in the assembly session but were never converted into action will be complained to the central leadership as the party he belongs is in power at the center.

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KSA threatens agitation over Siroy Lily controversy

Kangleipak Students Association (KSA) today threaten serious agitation if the state government failed to clarify over the matter of Siroy Lily which is being mentioned in Nagaland board text book as the only flower available in Nagaland. Speaking during the 10th foundation of the student body today at Leimayol Arts Centre, Singjamei Chingamakha, Moirangthem Laxman, President of KSA said that the student body will begin agitation if the government didn’t clarify over the matter by having dialogue with the Nagaland government counterpart.
The foundation day function was attended by Professor N. Mohilal, Dean of Students Welfare MU, Moirangthem Lakshman President of KSA and Dr Chingangbam Sarat as Chief Guest, President and guest of honour respectively. Chief Guest of the function N. Mohihal while speaking on the occasion stated that the Manipur University is opening the Master degree course for Fine Arts from next academic session.

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Anatomical Society of India opposes MCI decision to reduce faculty

During the General Body Meeting held on 22nd November 2015 at the 63rd National Conference of the Anatomical Society of India at the King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, the members of the Anatomical Society of India vehemently opposed the MCI decision of reducing faculty (staff) requirement in its latest notification. The MCI decision has heralded a negative impact to the young medicos to take up this subject as their future career.
The galaxy of Anatomist of India have pointed out that adequate number of staffs needs to be deployed in order to impart quality teaching in this subject. In earlier MCI regulations, the prescribed student to faculty ratio had been 10:1. The country has already been facing scarcity of post-graduate aspirants in such a subject (Anatomy) leaving post-graduate seats unclaimed in the majority of Medical Colleges & Institutes in India. The recent decision is likely to further worsen the situation. It will be a discouragement to prospective candidates from taking up such subjects because of lack of job prospects. It is of great concern to the Anatomical Society of India that if the MCI do not retract or correct it, there will be a large number of Medical Colleges & Institutes with inadequate numbers of teaching faculty to impart adequate quality education. It is worth recalling that Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MOHFW) enhanced the age of superannuation of the retiring professors to 65 years to cope with the shortage of teaching staffs. In addition, MCI now accepts teachers to work up to the age of 70 years for the same reason.
In further, joining of young medicos in pre and para-clinical teaching subjects may be adversely affected by such notifications. Hence, the ration should be restored if quality education is to be imparted in India.

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SAC Meeting of KVK, Chandel held

A Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) Meeting of Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Chandel was conducted yesterday  at Conference Hall, ICAR - RC for NEH Region, Manipur Centre, Lamphelpat. Dr. S.V Ngachan, Director, ICAR - RC for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya, Dr. A.K Tripathi, Director, ICAR – Agriculture Technology Application Research Institute (ATARI), Zone-III, Umiam, Meghalaya and Dr. N. Prakash, Joint Director, ICAR - RC for NEH Region, Manipur Centre, Lamphelpat graced the meeting as Chief Guest, Guest of Honour and Functional President respectively.

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Heritage Park a major attraction but getting many negative feedbacks in Sangai Festival

Rabi Takhellambam
Imphal, Nov. 27: The Heritage Park at the Centre of the Hapta Kangjeibung in the Sangai festival has fairly good collection and display of Manipur’s heritage especially for collection of different house. Tuck away between lush rolling green hills of North Eastern India, Manipur is a Paradise waiting to be discovered to the “Sangai festival -2015”.
The enchanting amalgamation of rich cultural Heritage and the illustration of cultural Houses for the different tribes are attracting the peoples. In the cultural evening the tribal folk dances which are an expression of Nature's creation of aestheticism in the tribal way of life attracted the foreigners. Most of the visitors throng the Heritage park for having a glimpse of the traditional houses of different communities. Even though the concept of the demonstration is a good one but the illustrations model are not upto the mark. In front of the house written on a board, Meitei Yumjao; in Meitei society, the traditional Yumjao house is symbolic of status in society, individuals possessing wealth could construct the Yumjao which necessitated procuring quality wood poles and beams. Construction of Yumjao is based on the treatise Yumsarol.
There are separate spaces for the family, hearth and deities. The Demonstration of the “Meitei Yumjao”  most of the people enter from the front and again exited from the same front door. Many of the visitors who are familiar with Meitei Yumsarol usually ask questions like,  who made the house? Who is the Architect?  etc... The right side window cannot be opened in any circumstances because the window is totally blocked by a pillar. One visitor said to the Imphal Times “ I am 76year old now, this is the only  Meitei Yumjao which was made without Yumsarol".

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