The Chakpi River originated from the western flank slope at a height of 1755 Metres above Mean Sea Level having the Laimaton Cliff of TengnoupalKhunau and Shenam hills. It is a obsequent tributary to the Manipur River. It has total catchment area of about 660 sq. km. During the topographical mapping, in the year 1935 American Army recorded only 12 villages settlement in the basin of the Chakpi River. They are Shenam, TengnoupalKhunou, Kongbei, Tarao, KeplaiChing, Mittong, MittongKhunou, LambungMonsang, Chandel, Modi, NamphouPhasha and Chakpikarong. Today the Chakpi accommodated five villages in the upstream watershed area namely Kongpe, LeishingKhul,Tarao, Thangkin and Larfu. However 19 villages are situated in the right bank of the downstream Chakpi and 12 villages in the left banks. Right bank villages are Monsang Pantha, Japhou, Riverlane, Hnahringkhu, Hnatham, ChandelChristanVillage,Modi, Bolindam, Angthi, YangkhulChingKhunthak, Anal Khunau, Chakpikarong, Tampi, Haringphe, Dangkhu, Nungpan, Sange, Warkhuhrin, Taupokpi and Chingtam. Lambung, Mantripantha, LamphouCharu, Anal Khullen, Suthum, ChakpikarongKhupi, Peace Island, Agaphe, Novokom, Salluk, Y. Thingkhangphai and Serou are the left bank villages.
Chakpi bestowed upon its basin one of the most fertile agricultural tracts of the Chandel district. These tracts form a corridor between the valley settlement and the highlanders with a strong tie of emotional integration between the Tarao and Anal tribes with the Meiteis of the Manipur Valley. The flow of the Chakpi River flows down with many legendary tells. One of the stories tells us that the Sanggu Leima the Goddess of Tarao tribe tried to chase by the Kondong God from Burma. He rushed towards Sanggu Leima in the form of wild fire. Then the Wangpuren (Wangbren) the Khana Chaoba (the protector god of southern frontier of the Meitei) rushed up to the Tengnoupal Laimaton cliff in the form of huge water and suppress the wildfire of Kondong and thus rescue the SangguLeima. After that WangbrenKhanaChaoba eloped with the SangguLeima Goddess of Tarao. Another tale of Anal Tribe says that the Chakpi River and its catchment area fall under the legendary travel route of the Meitei Deity Wangbren. The Deity Wangbren travelled from Sugnu (a small township where the shrine of the Wangbren Shrine is located) to Anal Khullen (Chakpi LhuThu) and Anal Khullen then proceeded to Sugnu (Duyang Ru Duchii Thu). On his return journey he eloped with Anal damsel Shangnu. However legendaries of both Tarao and Anal ended with submerged of Sanggu and Shangnu into the water of the Chakpi River and lost forever. There are many immortal memories mingling with the wisdoms of the communities settle in the vicinity of the Chakpi Basin. Monoliths of the Anal Khullen are the living museum, which dignifies the identities with pride of their communities. The Chakpi River influences the evolution of endemic cultural civilization among the different communities along the Basin. The construction of a new house and ceremony of house warming in Tarao communities is an identical one, which can be cited as an example.
Dr. Rajkumar Ranjan Singh
Convener INTACH, Manipur Chapter.
PAOTINLEN Wednesday, 26 April 2017 11:11 Comment Link
Sir ,I would like to request you mentioned the name K.Molnom Village which is the original left bank villages of manipur river where nungthong lairem is located do nake your kindcorrection